Terminology

BIBLIOGRAPHIC FORMATS

  • Atlas: Bound collection of maps, charts, plates, etc. presenting a geographic approach to any subject. Or, applied to medical books containing detailed illustrations of human or animal anatomy, or of a specific disease.

  • Bibliography: List of written works by a specific author or on a given subject, or that share one or more common characteristic (language, form, period, place of publication, etc.)

  • Book w/ Media: Book accompanied by non-print materials (CD-ROM, software, slides, video and/or audio recordings, films, etc.)

  • Chronology: Book that lists events and their dates in the order of their occurrence.

  • Coffee Table Book: Oversize and lavishly illustrated, usually on a popular subject, with the text clearly subordinate to the illustrations. Primarily for display and casual browsing rather than cover-to-cover reading. Readership is always General-Popular. See also Pictorial/Chiefly Illustrated.

  • Computer Manual: Introductory or advanced book meant for practical individual use about particular hardware, software, systems, Web applications, network technologies, or any other facet of computers.

  • Cookbook: How-to book that gives instructions for preparing food, including recipes for specific dishes, notes about tools and ingredients, weights and measures, etc.

  • Dictionary: Work listing words, terms and topics related to a specific language, several languages, or devoted to a particular subject, or field, arranged alphabetically. Entries in a dictionary are usually shorter than those contained in an encyclopedia (on the same subject), but the word “dictionary” is often used in the titles of works that are more appropriately called encyclopedias.

  • Directory: A listing of people, companies, institutions, organizations, etc., in alphabetical or classified order, providing contact information and other pertinent details in brief format.

  • Discography: A list or catalog of audio recordings, usually of works by a specific composer or performer, in a certain style or genre, or of a specific time period, and providing descriptive elements.

  • Encyclopedia: A book (or numbered set of books) containing authoritative summary information about a topic in the form of articles, usually arranged alphabetically by heading, or classified in some manner.

  • Field Guide: Provides concise visual and textual information intended for amateur or professional naturalists to enable identification of plant or animal species.

  • Filmography: A list or catalog of motion pictures, usually limited to works by a specific director or performer, in a particular genre, of a specific time period or country, or on a given subject, usually listed alphabetically by title or chronologically by release date.

  • Gazetteer: A dictionary of place names that gives the geographic location of each entry.

  • Handbook: Contains scholarly research or a detailed summary of a topic, but is not a “How-To” book (see Manual). The book may or may not have “Manual” or “Handbook” in the title, or LC subdivision “Handbooks, manuals, etc.”

  • Index: An alphabetically arranged list of headings -- names, places, or subjects, giving access to another work, body of work, or discipline.

  • Manual/“How To”: Book containing , practical instructions, rules, or steps for performing a specific task or operation, such as practical works in professional fields such as business, education, social work, and nursing, or popular activities such as music, art, or sports. May or may not have “Manual” or “Handbook” in the title, or LC subdivision “Handbooks, manuals, etc.” in the subject tracings.

  • Pictorial/Chiefly Illustrated: Book that is at least half pictures, photographs, or illustrations; exists primarily because of the pictures. Include here collections of photographs (other than exhibition catalogs) published for artistic purposes. This Format is not assigned to Exhibition Catalogs (see under Type). Readership is always above General-Popular. See also Coffee Table Book.

  • Pocket-Sized Book: Undersized book for personal reference use and handy, fast-fact look-up. For approval plan profiling, applied almost exclusively to medical pocket books. Not assigned a Reference category (personal reference; not for a reference collection).

  • Reference: Book or set of books designed to be consulted when authoritative information is needed, rather than read cover to cover. For approval profiling, always used in conjunction with Interdisciplinary Category Reference.

  • Self-Published Works: Book written by authors whose publisher exists only to publish works by that author; or, works from publishers whose primary business is to solicit manuscripts from authors who will bear all costs of publication.

  • Statistical Source: Listings of numerical data.

  • Thesaurus: Book of synonyms in a written language, usually arranged conceptually, but sometimes in a dictionary arrangement. May also refer to a lexicon of terms comprising the specialized vocabulary of a discipline or field of study, showing the logical and semantic relations among terms.

  • Travel Guide: Provides useful current information for travel -- to a city, state, province, region, country, or other geographic area, or for visitors to a museum, park, historical site, etc.

  • Works < 50 Pages

  • Works 50-100 Pages

  • Yearbook: An annual documentary, historical, or memorial compendium of facts, photographs, statistics, etc., about the events of the preceding year, often limited to a specific country, institution, discipline, or subject.

BOOK TYPES

  • Activity Book: A collection of suggested games, exercises, drills, lessons or other tasks that a teacher or trainer could assign to a class or a student.

  • Anthology: Collection of works (extracted or complete) by various authors, selected by an editor for publication in a single volume or multi-volume set. Often limited to a specific literary genre, or to a national literature, theme, time period, or category of author. For approval plan profiling, may or may not have been previously published. May be assigned for areas other than literature.

  • Bible Commentary: A work of exegesis on a book or books of the Bible.

  • Biography – Critical: Scholarly work about the life of an individual or individuals, or other material of a scholarly nature that is primarily biographical.

  • Biography – General: Work about the life of an individual or individuals, or other material primarily biographical, written for a general readership.

  • Case Studies: Book usually intended as supplementary classroom material, based on multiple illustrative examples in a subject field. Often used for legal casebooks, but applicable to similarly arranged books of cases in other fields.

  • Collected Articles, Previously Published: Collection of articles by various authors, most of which have previously appeared in various print journals (or online), including individual works that replicate a single journal issue.

  • Collected Material, Previously Available: Book of collected essays, interviews, writings, speeches, etc. that are already in the public arena; may or may not have been formally published.

  • Collected Work (Single Author): A collection of works by one author.

  • Dissertation/Thesis: New publication that was previously issued as the author’s thesis, without revision.

  • Examinations, Questions, Study Guides: Books consisting primarily of sample questions or other aids for students preparing for a test.

  • Exhibition Catalog: Book containing reproductions of the works displayed at a public showing usually held in a museum or gallery. Does not include catalogues raisonnés.

  • Festschrift: A memorial publication issued in honor of a scholar or society. Usually in the form of a collection of essays by distinguished persons, on the occasion of an anniversary, birthday, or retirement celebration.

  • First Book: Books by authors who have never been published, including first collections. First Novels are treated separately.

  • First Novel: Books by authors who have never been published.

  • Interview/Conversation: Book that largely reproduces a dialogue shared by one or more persons.

  • Playscript: Working copy of a play for use by actors, actresses, and directors in rehearsal and production.

  • Proceedings: Published record of a conference, congress, symposium, or course -- papers, proceedings, transactions, or, works based on such meetings. Always considered a numbered series when number or date of the conference is shown in corporate main entry.

  • Readings/Extracts: Book designed to bring together important selections (complete or extracted) on a given subject.

  • Textbook: Highly structured, course-related book specifically intended for the use of students enrolled in a course of study. Layout may include boxes, banners; end-of-chapter questions or exercises.

  • Workbook: A learning resource containing exercises, sample problems, worksheets, review questions, and other practice materials, often with blank space for recording answers.